Matthew 5:5 and the Old Testament Land Promises: An Inheritance of the Earth or the Land of Israel?

While many biblical-theological scholars claim that Matthew 5:5 is a straightforward expansion of the OT land promises to now encompass the whole earth, the original text of Matthew 5:5 (κληρονομήσουσιν τὴν γῆν) makes no clear indication that it is referring to the “earth” rather than to the “land” of Israel. It is possible to interpret Matthew 5:5 as referring to an inheritance of the land of Israel, but un- fortunately, such an interpretive possibility has been obscured by English translations and ruled out by supersessionist theological assumptions regarding Israel’s future. Based on careful word study and sensitivity to the Jewish-focused literary- historical context of Matthew’s Gospel, this article will argue that Matthew 5:5 reaffirms a future Jewish inheritance of the land of Israel, an inheritance that does not exclude Gentiles but complements and fits within the worldwide inheritance for all of God’s people.

The Vernacular Consciousness: Modernism’s Influence on Postcolonial Contextualization

Case studies in postcolonial contextualization mark a forty-year-old missiological trend in evangelical scholarship. The largely unqualified support of indigenous theological expression by mission theorists represents an epistemological shift from a conservative bibliology toward felt-needs evangelization and religious roundtable dialogue methods. Evangelical contextualization theory today echoes German Ro- manticism’s early assessments of indigenous language and local religion, especially as seen in the works of pluralistic Johann Gottfried Herder (1744–1803). No study of postcolonial contextualization is complete without considering the enduring influence of Herder’s “vernacular consciousness” on the current missiological mindset.

Book Reviews for 28:1

M. Scott Bashoor
Visual Outline Charts of the New Testament
Reviewed by Gregory H. Harris (95–97)

D. Jeffrey Bingham and Glenn R. Kreider
Eschatology
Reviewed by Mark A. Hassler (97–99)

Kevin J. Vanhoozer
Authority after Babel: Retrieving the Solas in a Spirit of
Mere Protestant Christianity
Reviewed by Paul Shirley (99–103)

Thomas Ice
The Case for Zionism: Why Christians Should Support Israel
Reviewed by Michael J. Vlach (103-04)

Richard A. Taylor
Interpreting Apocalyptic Literature: An Exegetical Handbook
Reviewed by Mark. A. Hassler (104-06)

J. Daniel Hays
The Temple and the Tabernacle: A Study of God’s Dwelling Places
from Genesis to Revelation
Reviewed by John W. Dube (107-09)

The Reformers and the Original Languages: Calvin and Luther on the Importance of Greek and Hebrew in Theology and Ministry

The Reformation stands in history as a pivotal time in the church’s past. The Reformation saw such heroes as Luther and Calvin redirect people back to Scripture as the primary authority for life. One of the key components of the Reformation, which is especially evident in Luther and Calvin, was a dependence upon the original languages. It remains vital today for the church to continue in the spirit of the Reformation and train the next generation of church leaders to be competent in Greek and Hebrew.

Is Christ the Fulfillment of National Israel’s Prophecies? Yes and No!

Some believe that Jesus fulfills Israel’s prophecies to such an extent that there is no more theological significance for national Israel. This article asserts that the fulfillment of Israel’s promises is related to Jesus, the ultimate Israelite. But this truth means the restoration and significance of national Israel, not Israel’s non-significance.