This article considers God’s revelation concerning homosexuality in three key OT passages: Genesis 19:1–11, Leviticus 18:22, and Leviticus 20:13. These three passages provide a consistent message: homosexuality is a violation of God’s created order and stands opposed to God’s intentions that His people of all ages conduct lives that put His surpassing character on display.
The recent legalization of same-sex marriage in the United States has heightened the debate on whether homosexual relations are truly sinful in consensual monogamous, same-sex marriage contexts. This article demonstrates that based upon God’s definition of sin from a study of the biblical terms for sin, trespass, and iniquity, and from the biblical definition of marriage from Genesis 1–2, that all physical relations outside of the context of a one man to one woman, one flesh relationship for life is sin.
Two arguments are commonly offered by those in the church who are sympathetic towards the LGBTQ movement. Some contend that the biblical writers were simply unaware of the complexities of same-sex attraction and transgenderism. Others contend that the church over the past two millennia woefully misinterpreted the biblical writers. The first argument undermines Scripture’s sufficiency. The second undermines Scripture’s clarity. The purpose of this article is to survey the teaching of the apostle Paul in response to these claims. In particular, attention will be focused on the emphases of Paul in the areas of anthropology (the doctrine of man), hamartiology (the doctrine of sin), and soteriology (the doctrine of salvation). As will be seen, Paul not only deals directly with many of the issues being de-bated today, but he leaves a timeless theological framework through which to respond to these issues in our day.
Given what He taught about the Old Testament, about sexuality and marriage, about the New Testament, and about love, it is clear that Jesus stands united with the Scriptures in condemning homosexuality as sinful. Yet He also stands united with the Scriptures in freely offering forgiveness to any who would confess the guilt of his sins, turn from them, and put his trust in Christ alone for righteousness.
History shows that a commitment to solus Christus is based upon Scripture and the earliest Christian documents. Commitment to this doctrine was lost, though, after extra-biblical and traditional elements entered the church and became authoritative. The Reformers, on the other hand, understood that these traditions were simply the traditions of men. A commitment to the authority of Scripture for faith and practice resulted in a commitment to salvation mediated by Christ alone. The result is that God receives all of the glory for salvation since it is sought solely through His Son.